Visualize- Try to make a movie in your head while you read. Talk to someone about what details you saw in your head for particular part of your text. Draw your visualization. Write your visualization on a Post-It Note.
Your Post-It Note might start like this. "When I read page ___,this is what I saw in my head."
Question- Do you have any questions about what you're reading? If so, ask them and try to answer them too. You might ask WHO, WHAT, WHEN, WHERE, WHY, or HOW.
Clarify- Is something unclear? Try rereading the text. Try looking at any pictures or graphics. Try to clarify unknown or new words by using the "guess the covered word" strategy.
Predict- Take a guess as to what might happen next. If you're stopping and jotting these active reading strategies on Post-It Notes while you read, you might want to set it up like this:
"I predict that _________________. I think this because (and provide evidence from the text or your own schema to support your prediction).
Connect- Make connections while you read. Can you make a text to self connection? Can you make a text to text connection? Can you make a text to world connection?
React- How does what you are reading make you feel? Talk about it, or stop and jot it down on a Post-It Note. Your Post-It Note might start out something like this:
"The part about _____________________ makes me feel ________________________."
Summarize- State the important things about the text. You may want to do a Post-It Note listing the important events of the plot. You might want to give a quick character summary for the main characters. You might want to state the details of the setting.
All of these active reading strategies help you interact with what you are reading. When you are actively involved in the text you are reading, you are likely to understand it better.